Sleep

man on couch

1. Your immune system We know that sleep is necessary for a normal functioning immune system. Numerous studies have shown that our immune system works best when we get adequate sleep. In fact, several studies have demonstrated poor responses to vaccine …

 more

Children

140303575

1. Calculate how much sleep your child needs Many well-meaning parents have no idea how much sleep their child needs. Preschoolers need 11 to 12 hours. Five to ten-year-olds need 10 to 11 hours and teenagers do best with 9 to 10 hours. 2. Nudge that sl …

 more

Abnormal Behaviors During Sleep

200488789-001

Normally, when we go into REM sleep, we become paralyzed. The only muscles that continue to work at routine levels are the diaphragm and the eye muscles. However, there are individuals who lack this inhibition and can move while dreaming. In these folk …

 more

Children

Night TV

It is becoming quite apparent to those of us in sleep medicine that children and adolescents are not getting enough sleep. I believe there are two major reasons for this, the first being that some parents really don’t have a clue as to how much sleep t …

 more

Stress and Sleep

divorce

Divorce can be a very stressful time in our lives. Poor sleep is often a result of this stress. We refer to this form of insomnia as acute adjustment or transient insomnia. However, what happens if the problem persists? In the July issue of Health Psyc …

 more

Sleep

119497009

Those of us in sleep medicine are very familiar with the effects of sleep deprivation. Many studies have shown us the problems associated with insufficient sleep. However, what happens to those of us whose sleep is disrupted for five or ten minutes at …

 more

Exercise and Sleep

exercise

“Better sleep comes with regular exercise” is the assertion in numerous studies. However, we sleep specialists usually add the proviso “but not close to bedtime.” We have thought that by raising core body temperature and activating the sympathetic (fig …

 more

PTSD

167347052

PTSD is a significant mental health problem in the United States. The estimate is that PTSD affects over one quarter of our veterans. We also know that about 12% of all American women have PTSD—most resulting from physical and sexual abuse. Dysfunction …

 more

Sleep

86517772

The place of hypnosis in sleep medicine has been a subject of debate for many years. A few studies have shown its usefulness in conditions such as nightmares, sleep terrors, bedwetting, sleepwalking, and insomnia. However, few if any of these studies h …

 more

Light Exposure and Sleep

office windows

In the 1960’s, the musical Hair featured a song titled Let the Sunshine In. Little did we know back then that it might become a clarion call for modern day architecture. According to a recent study, poorly lit and windowless work environments can have …

 more

Sleep and Memory

man at desk

You know how your brain acts when you’re tired: it’s hard to remember things and your thoughts are sluggish. Sleep deprivation strongly impairs memory and learning, and research confirms it this (though the actual mechanism causing these deficits has e …

 more

Fibromyalgia

160939442

Sleep disturbances are among the most common symptoms of fibromyalgia. In fact, along with fatigue, diffuse pain, and psychosocial distress, sleep disturbances are a core feature. In the last few years, it has become increasingly clear that treating th …

 more

Cancer and Sleep

164053577

It is a well-known fact that women with advanced breast cancer suffer from severe fatigue and poor sleep. In fact, a study published out of Stanford several years ago showed that 63% of women with metastatic breast cancer reported one or more types of …

 more

Sleep Medications

lunesta pills

The FDA put out a warning this month regarding the insomnia drug Lunesta (eszopiclone). The warning was that the drug could cause next day impairment of driving, memory, and coordination. It was based on the results of a 91 person placebo-controlled st …

 more

Children

87318662

We know that anywhere from 8% to 12% of children snore most nights. This is called habitual snoring. We also know that 3% to 5% of children have sleep apnea. Pediatric sleep apnea is a serious condition that can adversely affect your child’s growth, em …

 more

Sleep and Women

176722394

We have known for some time that sleep apnea can cause problems during pregnancy. Several studies have shown an increased risk of hypertension and diabetes in pregnant women with sleep apnea. However, a study in this month’s issue of the journal Sleep, …

 more

Children

baby sleep3

As parents, you should know that 25% of all children experience some type of sleep problem during childhood, the most common being bedtime difficulties and night awakenings. If untreated, these can lead to mood disturbances, impaired attention, and poo …

 more

Cancer and Sleep Apnea

CPAP

Several recent studies have demonstrated an increased risk of premature death in those with sleep apnea, implicating several different possible reasons. Cancer and cardiovascular effects have been among the leading candidates. In this month’s issue of …

 more

Sleep


In the January issue of the journal Sleep there are several studies relating sleep to telomere length (TL). Telomeres are the DNA-protein structures located like caps at the ends of chromosomes. They shorten with aging and may also be a marker of biolo …

 more

Insomnia and Stroke

night owl

A study from Taiwan published in the April issue of the journal Stroke titled Insomnia Subtypes and the Subsequent Risks of Stroke, Report From a Nationally Representative Cohort demonstrates the relationship between insomnia and stroke. Over a four-ye …

 more